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Self-Evaluation Form Entrepreneurship Law Clinic Student: Review date: Report date: Professor: I infection joint replacement purchase 250 mg cefaclor free shipping. Rate your competency in each of the following course objectives: High Adequate Developing Understand the factors involved in selecting a business entity and the differences how much antibiotics for dogs 500mg cefaclor sale, benefits antibiotics for dogs cuts order 250mg cefaclor overnight delivery, and burdens of each type of entity antibiotic 219 buy cheap cefaclor 500 mg on-line. Collaborate with others in assisting the client, including peers, support staff, and supervisors. Reflect on experiences and self-evaluate in the interest of personal and professional growth. Student activities may include document/transcript review, examining new evidence, and locating and interviewing witnesses. Students will work under the direct supervision of Innocence Project of Texas staff lawyers. A weekly classroom component will also explore the causes of wrongful convictions as they relate to case investigation and litigation. Clinics this course is a clinic taught by a law school faculty member that involves advising or representing one or more actual clients or serving as a third-party-neutral. This course offers students multiple opportunities for performance, faculty feedback, and self-evaluation. Dates: (First class) August 22, August 29, September 5, September 12, September 19, September 26, October 3, October 10, October 17, October 24, October 31, November 7, and November 14. The class will engage in discussions involving every aspect of the case, including applicable laws, the potential merits of the case, likelihood of relief, and productive future action. Each student will be expected to lead the discussions on their cases and be prepared to describe their own thought processes about their case work, particularly as they may change or evolve vis-а-vis the case under review as well as the criminal justice system in general. Educate students about the law, science, and policy of wrongful convictions; Teach students about post-conviction practice for state and federal court; Train students to conduct the appropriate investigation, legal research, case management, and litigation strategy for wrongfully convicted defendants with a viable claim of actual innocence; where we continue to develop as thoughtful, reflective, and skilled professionals. Expected Learning Outcomes: Upon completion of the course, the student should have: 1. Knowledge of the Texas criminal justice system, with a focus on post-conviction remedies for wrongfully convicted individuals. Grading/Methods for Assessing Expected Learning Outcomes: the Innocence Clinic is a Pass/Fail Course. Students will be investigating real cases involving real people, often involving very sensitive matters. This is a simulation course that offers students a substantial experience of engaging in a task or set of tasks that helps them develop skills that lawyers utilize in their roles as advisors, advocates, educators, or third-party neutrals. As a primarily experiential course, this course integrates doctrine, theory, and legal ethics to teach professional skills used by lawyers. This course provides students with multiple opportunities for performance, faculty feedback, and self-evaluation. Students will be provided class materials via email, download, disc or thumb drive prior to start of class. Assignments and Readings Reading to be announced at class Requirement for all Correspondence sent out or received a copy must be emailed to donna@ipoftexas. Statement on Credit Hours: Clinic and externship placement includes a classroom component. The amount and level of credit awarded in each clinic or externship placement depends on the amount of time allocated to the classroom component and to student clinical and extern work. Depending on the clinic or extern placement, students will spend at least 45 hours in out-of-class work during the term for each hour of academic credit earned. Students are responsible for keeping a log of their hours for review by a faculty member at the end of each semester. Prerequisites and Restric ons Mechanics of Materials, Advanced Calc Different Equa ons. For distance learning students: Email me to set up a time for an audio or video meeting. Office Hours: Distance Learning: Prerequisite: Textbook (required): Elasticity: Theory, Application, and Numerics. Course Objectives: Analysis of stress and strain in two and three dimensions, equilibrium and compatibility equations, strain energy methods; torsion of noncircular sections; flexure; axially symmetric problems. Outcomes: the student will demonstrate his/her understanding of and proficiency in the subject by being able to: 1. Make a judicious evaluation as to whether the linearized theory is applicable to a particular situation 2.
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Ultimate storage life depends on cultivar bacteria 4 pics 1 word discount cefaclor 250 mg otc, maturity antibiotic resistance microbiology purchase cefaclor 250 mg on line, preharvest conditions antimicrobial therapy publisher buy discount cefaclor 500mg on-line, and postharvest handling antibiotics for acne before and after buy discount cefaclor 500 mg. Precooling Conditions Rapid cooling is often neglected in many citrus packinghouses but should be seriously considered as a means of improving fruit quality at destination markets. Cooling reduces respiration, slows pathogen growth, reduces water loss, and increases shelf-life. Oranges can also be hydrocooled, but this practice is seldom used because of the increased risk of spreading decay organisms. For roomcooling and forced-air cooling, maintaining good airflow through cartons is important to rapidly remove heat from the product. To facilitate this, carton design should include at least 5% side venting, designed to line up with adjacent carton vents and allow airflow through the entire load. Symptoms of chilling injury include pitting, brown staining, increased decay, internal discoloration, off flavors, and watery breakdown that may take 60 days to develop at 5 °C (41 °F) or become evident 1 to 2 days after moving to room temperature (about 72 °F). After removing fruit from chilling temperatures, respiration and ethylene production both increase. The development and severity of chilling injury in citrus is influenced by both preharvest and postharvest factors. Preharvest factors include cultivar, weather conditions, and even location of fruit on the tree (sun-exposed fruit are more susceptible to chilling injury). The best means of preventing chilling injury is storing fruit at nonchilling temperatures. Physiological Disorders Creasing (albedo breakdown) results from the irregular deterioration of albedo cells (white spongy tissue) and the collapse of the overlaying flavedo (colored portion of the rind) into irregular grooves over the fruit surface. Such areas are weaker and often split, providing entry for pathogenic fungi and subsequent decay. Conditions giving rise to creasing are complex and not well understood, but appear to be related to cultivar, potassium nutrition deficiencies, high levels of nitrogen, rootstock, water status, and temperature during 443 Ethylene Production and Sensitivity Citrus produce very little ethylene: <0. Ethylene is used to degreen oranges, especially early in the season when natural degreening has been delayed because of warm night temperatures. Because the disorder is associated with advanced fruit maturity, earlier fruit harvesting may also reduce the problem. Granulation is caused by gel formation within juice vesicles that greatly reduces extractable juice content. In the United States, this is considered a preharvest disorder that appears more in fruit exposed to the sun, fruit from young or water-stressed trees, overmature fruit, or fruit from vigorously growing trees. Oil spotting (oeocellosis) arises when mechanical damage releases oil from the oil glands. When fruit are very turgid, even slight pressure from bumps and abrasions can result in oil release and spotting. The oil is toxic to surrounding tissue and will inhibit degreening of that tissue. Symptoms appear as irregularly shaped green, yellow, or brown spots that darken over time and make the glands more prominent. The most effective means of prevention is not harvesting turgid fruit early in the morning, when dew is present, during foggy conditions, or immediately after rain or irrigation (Wardowski et al. Postharvest pitting is characterized by clusters of collapsed oil glands (often 5 to 20) scattered over the fruit surface. This disorder is associated with low O2 levels in fruit following application of wax coating having low O2 permeability and holding at warm temperatures >10 °C (50 °F; Petracek et al. Rind staining is associated with physiologically overmature fruit that are easily injured by mechanical abrasions, particularly navel oranges. Brown or reddish-brown blemishes develop 12 to 24 h after washing and waxing (Eaks 1964). In California, fruit are sprayed with gibberellic acid to delay peel senescence and reduce incidence of this disorder. Postharvest Pathology Postharvest decay is the most important factor limiting shelf-life of oranges. Oranges are susceptible to a wide variety of fungal diseases, including green mold (Penicillium digitatum), blue mold (Penicillium italicum), diplodia stem-end rot (Diplodia natalensis), phomopsis stem-end rot (Phomopsis citri), brown rot (Phytophthora citrophthora), sour rot (Geotrichum candidum), and anthracnose rot (Colletotrichum gleosporioides). Factors such as growing region, production practices, cultivar, rootstock, and postharvest practices influence susceptibility to each of these pathogens. For example, stem-end rots are more prevalent under environmental conditions found in Florida and Texas.
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Temperature is extremely important in package design bacteria have nucleus generic cefaclor 250 mg on line, and continuous and perforated films differ in their response to antibiotic quotes cheap cefaclor 250mg on line temperature changes virus 68 in michigan discount 500 mg cefaclor mastercard. Depending on the rates of respiration and transmission through the package antibiotics for acne that won't affect birth control discount 250mg cefaclor with mastercard, atmosphere modification can be achieved rapidly or relatively slowly. At low temperatures, atmosphere modification can take several days, such that some package systems would not achieve steadystate conditions before the end of their shelf-life. Respiratory Parameters the maximal rate of respiration for most fruit and vegetable products undergoes a 4- to 6-fold increase from 0 to 15 °C (Beaudry et al. A lower O2 limit has been associated with onset of fermentation and accumulation of ethanol and acetaldehyde (Beaudry et al. Effect of temperature on lower O2 limit has been measured for a number of commodities including whole apple, apple slices, blueberry, and raspberry. Additionally, they permit the identification of limiting features of the film, package design, and product and environment conditions. Models typically include temperature dependency but can also be developed to predict effects of package volume, resistance to heat flow, and developmental changes in product physiology on headspace gases. Steady-state models incorporating temperature effects on respiration and permeability have been published for many commodities. In addition, more complex dynamic models have been developed to account for temporal changes in package volume, product respiration, and the humidity and temperature of the environment (Fishman et al. Perhaps the most instructive format is describing the effects of temperature on package O2 levels. The practical O2 limit was set 3-fold higher than the fermentation threshold to prevent variation in respiration and permeability from causing a reduction in package O2 below the lower limit. If the package relied on perforations for gas exchange, it would undergo a rapid decline in O2 by the time the package reached 6 °C (43 єF). Films with higher temperature sensitivity would be less prone to risk fermentation. In this example, packages were designed to maintain aerobic O2 levels at 15 °C, the highest temperature to which they would be exposed. The performance of the packages can then be predicted at lower temperatures likely to be encountered during storage. For instance, the 100 g of apple slices described above were in a container with a film area of 120 cm2. Film thickness and composition with different permeability characteristics could be selected to protect against fermentation. A package model can also be used to clarify the nature of the mismatch between the temperature sensitivity of O2 uptake and O2 flux through the film and denote methods to ameliorate this problem. One method would be to choose a film with permeability changes for O2 similar to that of the respiration of the product, so if temperature increases, respiration and permeability of the film increase an equivalent amount. Such "sense-and-respond" packaging is technically difficult to develop, and progress has only been conceptual at this time (Smyth et al. A third approach is to design packages to function at the highest temperatures typically encountered in the distribution and retail cool chain and, as far as possible, maintain control over the temperature of the packaged product, thereby adapting to the limitations imposed by the film. Generally, the lowest temperature feasible is maintained, since temperature has a much more significant influence on preserving quality than the application of low O2 (Kays 1997). Variation in the respiration rate of the product and the variation in film or pore permeability can influence package design. Variation in product respiration and package permeability has been measured for broccoli, and the effect on package O2 modeled (Cameron et al. Packages should be designed to generate O2 levels well above the lower limit to ensure aerobic conditions. Products such as broccoli, mushrooms, and leeks have very high rates of respiration, and most continuous films do not have the capacity 47 to provide enough O2 to avoid fermentation. Accordingly, there is commercial interest in developing films with high gas transmission rates. Films that have improved rates of gas transmission by virtue of their polymeric nature are often blends of two or three different polymers, whith each polymer performing a specific function such as strength, transparency, and improved gas transmission.
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